Ulrike Adeneuer-Chima
Approach Counselling & Psychotherapy
N17, W11, NW1, WC2N 5BW


The Ego-State Model in TA (Transactional Analysis) and how it  was developed              
Berne agreed with Federn’s observation that a person could experience two ego states at the same time, one, which was more mature, and another, which was of a more primitive and archaic nature. Berne discovered that there might be a third ego state, in which the person experienced behaviour copied from someone else. He assumed that this ‘someone else’ was most likely to be the parent and therefore called this ego state the ‘Parent ego state’.
Berne’s final definition of all three Ego-states is as follows:
'A Parent Ego-state is a set of feelings, attitudes and behavioural patterns, which resemble those of parental figures (Berne E. 1961:)'
'An Adult Ego-state is an autonomous set of feelings, attitudes and behaviour pattern which are adapted to the current reality. (Berne E. 1961:)'
'A Child Ego-state is defined by a set of feelings, attitudes and behaviour patterns, which are relics of the individuals own childhood. (Berne E. 1961)'

written by Ulrike Adeneuer-Chima

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